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Linnaea borealis
Herbarium Datasets for Download:

The following downloads provide access to entire datasets from individual herbaria, and to the entire Consortium database. These datasets are intended for those performing large-scale data harvesting or analyses.

Data Formats:

Each dataset is formatted as a ZIP archive containing multiple tab-delimited text files in a simple relational structure. Files listed under the "DwC Archive" column follow the Darwin Core Archive (DwCA) specifications for field names. Files listed under the "Native Format" column have fields names matching the structure of the underlying Consortium database, and include additional fields that cannot be easily represented by DwCA.

Each dataset contains a text file called "occurrences.txt" (Native) or "occurrence.txt" (DwCA) holding one record per specimen with all core specimen fields (herbarium info, current identification, collector info, dates, location, notes, etc.). Each occurrence record is uniquely identified within the PNW Herbaria database by a field called OccurrenceID (Native) or id (DwCA).

Each dataset contains a text file called "annotations.txt" (Native) or "identifications.txt" (DwCA) that holds annotations/identifications. There may be multiple annotations/identifications linked to a single specimen record, using the OccurrenceID field (Native) or coreid field (DwCA; coreid = id in occurrence.txt).

Each dataset contains a text file called "media.txt" (Native) or "multimedia.txt" (DwCA) that holds metadata for images and other media associated with each specimen. There may be multiple images linked to a single specimen, again using OccurrenceID (Native) or coreid (DwCA). The image files themselves are stored on our server and can be access via the URLs defined in media.txt and multimedia.txt. The Native format media.txt file provides direcct links to three image formats provided by PNW Herbaria: a thumbnail image, a full-resolution JPEG image, and an online image viewer allowing zoom and pan capabilities. The DwCA format only provides links to the full-resolution JPEG images; however, programmers may readily modify these links to reccreate the links to the thumbnails or online image viewer.

Native format dataset files contain a fourth file, called "types.txt" containing scientific names (basionyms), type designations, and other relevant info for nomenclatural type specimens. There may be multiple type names associated with each occurrence record, each linked to a record in occurrences.txt by the OccurrenceID field.

DwCA format dataset files also contain two XML files with dataset metadata. The file "meta.xml" contains ordered lists of field names within each of the enclosed text files. The file "eml.xml" contains general metadata about the dataset as a whole, including provider and collection information, contact information, and license terms.

All text files are encoded as unicode (UTF-8) text, with Windows-style line endings (CR+LF) and fields separated by tabs. Field names and values are not enclosed in quotes.

Data Usage Policy:

Use of these datasets requires agreement to the terms and conditions in our Data Usage Policy.

Sensitive data (e.g., localities for rare taxa) are omitted from these datasets. Copies of these files with restricted data intact can be accessed by logging in. Some records in our database are not available for public release; such records are excluded from the datasets and record counts below.


Herbarium Collection # Specimens # Images DwC Archive Native Format Last Updated
ALA Cryptogams 75,022 45,946 DwCA (9.4 MB) Native (8.1 MB) 2017-11-18
ALA Vascular Plants 198,498 171,174 DwCA (30.9 MB) Native (26 MB) 2017-11-17
BABY Vascular Plants 8,035 0 DwCA (1.3 MB) Native (1.2 MB) 2016-10-19
BBLM Vascular Plants 5,613 6,425 DwCA (1.2 MB) Native (1.1 MB) 2017-11-18
BLMMD Bryophytes 1,323 24 DwCA (0.2 MB) Native (0.1 MB) 2017-11-18
BLMMD Fungi 4 0 DwCA (0.1 MB) Native (0.1 MB) 2017-11-18
BLMMD Lichens 821 6 DwCA (0.1 MB) Native (0.1 MB) 2017-11-18
BLMMD Vascular Plants 3,335 3,250 DwCA (0.6 MB) Native (0.5 MB) 2017-11-18
BOIS Vascular Plants 12,778 9,577 DwCA (2.2 MB) Native (2 MB) 2017-11-18
CIC Vascular Plants 52,197 52,412 DwCA (11.4 MB) Native (10.8 MB) 2017-11-18
CRMO Vascular Plants 3,257 3,854 DwCA (0.8 MB) Native (0.7 MB) 2017-11-18
EVE Vascular Plants 483 300 DwCA (0.1 MB) Native (0.1 MB) 2017-11-18
EWU Vascular Plants 6,334 6,333 DwCA (1.1 MB) Native (1.1 MB) 2017-11-18
FHL Algae 3,921 4,116 DwCA (0.7 MB) Native (0.6 MB) 2017-11-18
HJAEF Vascular Plants 1,317 1,193 DwCA (0.3 MB) Native (0.2 MB) 2017-11-18
HPSU Vascular Plants 17,443 15,507 DwCA (3.4 MB) Native (3.3 MB) 2017-11-18
HSC Vascular Plants 1,625 0 DwCA (0.2 MB) Native (0.2 MB) 2016-10-19
ID Vascular Plants 167,012 163,546 DwCA (37.3 MB) Native (35.5 MB) 2017-11-17
IDS Lichens 136 270 DwCA (0.1 MB) Native (0.1 MB) 2017-11-18
IDS Vascular Plants 39,739 39,860 DwCA (8.6 MB) Native (8.1 MB) 2017-11-18
LEA Vascular Plants 21,640 21,640 DwCA (2.4 MB) Native (2.3 MB) 2016-10-19
LINF Vascular Plants 4,380 4,294 DwCA (0.8 MB) Native (0.7 MB) 2017-11-18
MONT Vascular Plants 53,651 54,260 DwCA (9.7 MB) Native (9.3 MB) 2017-11-18
MONTU Vascular Plants 71,131 61,086 DwCA (21 MB) Native (19.6 MB) 2017-11-18
NY Algae 99 0 DwCA (0.1 MB) Native (0.1 MB) 2016-10-19
NY Bryophytes 58,109 0 DwCA (5.4 MB) Native (5 MB) 2016-10-19
NY Fungi 3,437 0 DwCA (0.4 MB) Native (0.4 MB) 2016-10-19
NY Lichens 597 0 DwCA (0.1 MB) Native (0.1 MB) 2016-10-19
NY Vascular Plants 29,237 0 DwCA (3.8 MB) Native (3.5 MB) 2016-10-19
OSC Algae 16,078 16,188 DwCA (2.6 MB) Native (2.5 MB) 2017-11-18
OSC Fungi 39,953 0 DwCA (3.5 MB) Native (3.3 MB) 2016-10-19
OSC Lichens 5,197 0 DwCA (0.6 MB) Native (0.5 MB) 2016-10-19
OSC USFS Lichens 51,422 51,484 DwCA (6.5 MB) Native (6.4 MB) 2017-11-18
OSC Vascular Plants 211,689 0 DwCA (25.1 MB) Native (23 MB) 2017-09-13
PLU Vascular Plants 8,758 8,788 DwCA (1.3 MB) Native (1.2 MB) 2017-11-18
PNNL Vascular Plants 1,956 1,958 DwCA (0.3 MB) Native (0.3 MB) 2017-11-18
PSM Vascular Plants 13,697 13,622 DwCA (1.9 MB) Native (1.8 MB) 2017-11-18
REED Vascular Plants 5,942 6,033 DwCA (1 MB) Native (1 MB) 2017-11-18
RM Types Specimens 982 1,165 DwCA (0.2 MB) Native (0.2 MB) 2017-11-22
RM Vascular Plants 127,674 21,920 DwCA (11.5 MB) Native (11 MB) 2017-11-22
SOC Vascular Plants 20,564 20,406 DwCA (4.5 MB) Native (4.3 MB) 2017-11-18
SRP Vascular Plants 75,821 80,031 DwCA (16.3 MB) Native (15.4 MB) 2017-11-18
UAAH Vascular Plants 10,508 0 DwCA (1.5 MB) Native (1.4 MB) 2017-11-18
UBC Algae 73,176 208 DwCA (6.4 MB) Native (5.9 MB) 2017-11-10
UBC Bryophytes 167,849 0 DwCA (12.9 MB) Native (11.9 MB) 2016-10-19
UBC Fungi 32,324 991 DwCA (3.3 MB) Native (3.1 MB) 2017-11-10
UBC Lichens 41,996 0 DwCA (3.9 MB) Native (3.6 MB) 2016-10-19
UBC Vascular Plants 174,895 29,498 DwCA (23 MB) Native (21.4 MB) 2017-11-10
V Vascular Plants 89,107 0 DwCA (10.3 MB) Native (9.6 MB) 2016-10-19
VALE Vascular Plants 5,392 5,508 DwCA (1.2 MB) Native (1.2 MB) 2017-11-18
VIU Lichens 330 0 DwCA (0.1 MB) Native (0.1 MB) 2017-11-18
WCW Vascular Plants 13,538 13,633 DwCA (2.5 MB) Native (2.4 MB) 2017-11-18
WS Vascular Plants 167,696 0 DwCA (21 MB) Native (19.4 MB) 2016-10-19
WSTC Tri-Cities 1,261 1,333 DwCA (0.2 MB) Native (0.2 MB) 2017-11-18
WTU Algae 17,250 18,914 DwCA (3 MB) Native (2.9 MB) 2017-11-18
WTU Bryophytes 73,775 22,001 DwCA (11.3 MB) Native (10.5 MB) 2017-11-17
WTU Fungi 74,262 65,191 DwCA (11.1 MB) Native (10.8 MB) 2017-11-17
WTU Lichens 31,619 3,223 DwCA (5 MB) Native (4.6 MB) 2017-11-17
WTU Vascular Plants 204,787 28,537 DwCA (34.2 MB) Native (32.1 MB) 2017-11-16
WWB Fungi 0 0 DwCA (0 MB) Native (0 MB) 2017-11-18
WWB Lichens 1 1 DwCA (0.1 MB) Native (0.1 MB) 2017-11-18
WWB Vascular Plants 20,395 22,137 DwCA (3.6 MB) Native (3.4 MB) 2017-11-18
ENTIRE CONSORTIUM DATABASE 2,620,846 1,096,830 DwCA (379 MB) Native (356.2 MB) 2017-11-10